"Leaving was her punishment." Throughout "The Reader" the relationship between Hanna and Michael changes. In Part 1 their relationship begins and. Michael takes on all of the responsibility in their relationship for making Hanna happy but does not consider what she can do to make him feel the same. Reading Test. 65 MINUTES friends and relations were thoroughly well used to the fact of her 1-MCP. Adapted from Hannah J. James, Jacqueline F. Nock, and Chris B. Watkins, Michael swam 2, yards on each of eighteen days.
Hanna, unlike her co-defendants, admits that Auschwitz was an extermination camp and that the 10 women she chose during each month's Selektion were gassed. She denied however, authorship of a report on the church fire event, which they blamed on her. Requested to provide a handwriting sample, she admits the charge, rather than to comply with the handwriting test. Michael then realizes Hanna's secret: The other guards who blamed the written report on her are lying to clear themselves.
"The Reader" by Bernhard Schlink: Holocaust and conflict of generations | Galoá Journal
Michael informs the law professor of the favorable fact, but since the defendant herself has chosen to disclose it, the professor is not sure what to do about it.
Michael, though permitted to visit Hanna, leaves the prison, without seeing her.
Hanna receives a life sentence for her admitted leadership role in the church deaths, while the other defendants are sentenced to four years and three months each. Michael Ralph Fiennesmeanwhile, marries, has a daughter, and divorces. Retrieving his books from the time of his and Hanna's affair, he begins reading them into a tape recorder, which he then sends to Hanna. Eventually, she begins borrowing books from the prison library and teaches herself to read and write by following along with Michael's tapes.
She starts writing back to Michael, first in brief, childlike notes, and as time goes by, her letters reflect her gradually improving literacy. Ina prison official Linda Bassett telephones him to seek his help with Hanna's transition into society after her upcoming early release for good behavior.
Having no family or other relations, he finds a place for her to live and even a job, and finally visits Hanna towards her release. In their meeting, Michael remains somewhat distant, inquiring about what she has learnt from her past, to which she replies just "It doesn't matter what I feel and it doesn't matter what I think. The dead are still dead". Michael arrives at the prison on the date of Hanna's release with flowers only to realize that Hanna hanged herself.
She has left a tea tin with cash inside and a note asking him to deposit the money in a bank account to Ilana, whose memoir relating her dreadful experiences in the concentration camp, Hanna has read.
He tells her about the suicide note and Hanna's illiteracy. Ilana tells Michael there is nothing to be learned from the camps and refuses the money, whereupon Michael suggests that it be donated to any Jewish welfare organization which he sees fit. Ilana keeps however the tea tin, similar to the one stolen from her in Auschwitz.
"The Reader" by Bernhard Schlink: Holocaust and conflict of generations
The movie ends with Michael driving Julia, his daughter, to Hanna's grave and telling her their story. She had not filmed any scenes yet, so the studio was able to recast Winslet without affecting the production schedule.
Daldry and Hare toured locations from the novel with Schlink, viewed documentaries about that period in German historyand read books and articles about women who had served as SS guards in the camps.
Hare, who rejected using a voiceover narration to render the long internal monologues in the novel, also changed the ending so that Michael starts to tell the story of Hanna and him to his daughter. One of the film's producers, Scott Rudinleft the production over a dispute about the rushed editing process to ensure a release date and had his name removed from the credit list. Rudin differed with Harvey Weinstein "because he didn't want to campaign for an Oscar along with Doubt and Revolutionary Road, which also stars Winslet.
Entertainment Weekly reported that to "age Hanna from cool seductress to imprisoned war criminal, Winslet endured seven and a half hours of makeup and prosthetic prep each day.
With the context, a constant tension between the two generations is developed, resulting in the difficulty of the younger ones to understand certain behaviors of their ascendants. It is within this framework that the purest feelings emerge, such as love that makes us believe in the hope of a better future, as opposed to the feelings of judgment, prejudice, and condemnation that penalize the actions of the past, perhaps as a way of predicting future behavior.
The author also seeks an explanation for how current generations deal with the event, as memory and guilt begin to fade along with the physical disappearance of witnesses. The novel has been discussed in the media and studied in academic circles, as we also did at the University of Aveiro where I did my researchespecially for its historical and timeless importance.
However, it is worth mentioning that the work is much criticized because it is seen by many as an attempt to justify the culprits of the Holocaust. In effect, Bernhard Schlink is accused of creating a plot to make the public feel in somewhat empathetic towards the character Hanna, who was an SS guard in a Nazi concentration camp.
Summary by Chapter - The Reader by Bernhard Schlink
Through Michael, the author transforms the next generation into victims of the actions of the previous generation, as if asking for the acquittal of both. Paradoxically, the novel portrays a tragic event of German history which unfortunately cannot be changed and the generation of Michael, who experiences persecution and suffers from the remnants of the Holocaust, even though they had no intervention in it or fault.
Thus, reading the book raises several important dilemmas for any reflection on the subject.
For example, is it preferable to preserve memory or opt for forgetting? How to use the past to correct future problems, as well as what steps to take to avoid repetition? Bernhard Schlink's The Reader gains actuality, especially if we look closely at the signs of the Mediterranean refugee crisis and the growing political radicalization in several countries.
This is seen at the recent pro-Nazi demonstrations in Charlottesville, Virginia. It can be concluded that similar phenomena may be imminent Ramalheira, In between the lines of the plot In The Reader, Bernhard Schlink confronts generations of war and postwar, through an intimate relationship between Michael and Hanna.
Hanna has two secrets she hid from Michael: The author seems to use the fact that Hanna is illiterate to justify her actions in the past, showing through Michael that if she knew how to read and had access to the books, she could eventually have become a more sensitive and conscious human being. This would make her a more difficult person to be instrumentalized by Hitler's National Socialist machine. Moreover, the pragmatism and the tendency to execute orders with zeal, and without question, which she demonstrated at the trial in court when faced with the question: Why did you commit the crimes?
In fact, Hanna had not been instructed to think, only to perform. In contrast, the author shows in the dialogues of law students with his teacher, that knowledge leads to greater social awareness and internal questioning of good and evil. It may not be involuntary on the part of the author, the fact that Hannah committed suicide when, at last, she learned to read and write.
In fact, perhaps after this process, Hanna finally became aware of the evil she had done. Regarding this, the literary researcher Kim Worthington refers in an article, published by Comparative Literature, that Bernhard Schlink is condemned by some and praised by others for seemingly showing the literary traditional humanist canon as middle education and therefore a degree of self-consciousness which leads Hanna to the guilt of her past actions.
Hanna's late moral education was suggested by the fact that she committed suicide the day before her eventual release from prison and apparently seeks to make amends to her surviving victim through a posthumous monetary donation.