What is the relationship between sociology and education
Objectives. This module analyses the concept of education from a sociological perspective and brings out the mutually dependent relationship between. Relationship of Sociology and Education. • Educational . The following aims of sociology will further highlight the concept of sociology: i. The main aim of. The relation between sociology and education has always been a subject of debate. Education Education is the means for achieving the goals of sociology.
Although this aim is stated in the formal curriculum,  it is mainly achieved through the hidden curriculum a subtler, but nonetheless powerful, indoctrination of the norms and values of the wider society.
Students learn these values because their behavior at school is regulated Durkheim in  until they gradually internalize and accept them. Filling roles in society[ edit ] Education must also perform another function: As various jobs become vacant, they must be filled with the appropriate people. Therefore, the other purpose of education is to sort and rank individuals for placement in the labor market [Munro, ]. Those with high achievement will be trained for the most important jobs and in reward, be given the highest incomes.
Those who achieve the least, will be given the least demanding intellectually at any rate, if not physically jobs, and hence the least income. According to Sennet and Cobb however, "to believe that ability alone decides who is rewarded is to be deceived".
Sociology of education
They are therefore "cooled out"  from school with the least qualifications, hence they get the least desirable jobs, and so remain working class. Sargent confirms this cycle, arguing that schooling supports continuity, which in turn supports social order. Where teachers have softened the formality of regular study and integrated student's preferred working methods into the curriculum, they noted that particular students displayed strengths they had not been aware of before.
This knowledge isn't very meaningful to many of the students, who see it as pointless. Sargent believes that for working-class students, striving to succeed and absorbing the school's middle class values, are accepting their inferior social position as much as if they were determined to fail. The federal government subsidises 'independent' private schools enabling the rich to obtain 'good education' by paying for it. In this way, the continuation of privilege and wealth for the elite is made possible in continuum.
Conflict theorists believe this social reproduction continues to occur because the whole education system is overlain with ideology provided by the dominant group.
In effect, they perpetuate the myth that education is available to all to provide a means of achieving wealth and status. Anyone who fails to achieve this goal, according to the myth, has only themselves to blame. They have been encouraged to believe that a major goal of schooling is to strengthen equality while, in reality, schools reflect society's intention to maintain the previous unequal distribution of status and power [Fitzgerald, cited in  ].
Structural function opposes social mobility. Conflict theory favours social mobility. Rich cultural capital helps in better educational outcome.
Most disadvantaged social group decides the common values of Educational institutions. It is a miniature form of society. You can find various group like group of learners boys and girls ,group of teacher male and female ,group of non teaching staff. Various roles are played in educational institutions like Evaluation peer evaluation, tutor evaluation, evaluation of teacher by learner etc. Teacher play role of Judge evaluation ,helper help learner in achieving objective ,detective find out the law breaker ,Idol promotimg values.
The environment of educational institution is a complex one and various issues like gender,Social background,language technology,ideology interplay in a complex social milieu at micro within institution and macro broad perspective level. Let us go through these issues in brief.
We know that learning is a process resulting from the communication interaction between learner and teacher. So you can understand what importance language have in education. In a single language society where one language is used there is no concern of language of education at local level.
But in a bigger social sphere global again language issue comes. But in a multilingual society the issue of language selection comes at both local and global level. We can see hues and cry over the language issue in schools. In India we opt to put our children in English medium schools though our mother tongue is not English. Non English speaking student need extra effort to get the better results.
Gender differs from sex. Sex is a biological state that defines being male or female. Gender is the social difference a person face due to his sex. Did you notice the gender issue;I have used his not her. Our is a male dominated society and this reflects in educational institutions also. We have some of the indexes which indicates the social biases in all sphere of education like language and literature of texts, male female ratio of learners,teachers.
You can find the status of gender issue in your institution by calculating these indexes. As well you can decide these indexes by including these issues at policy making stage. The term ideology of education is a complex one. This can be defined as the set of common agreed ideas and beliefs based on which the formal arrangement for education is made.
Ideology is deciding factor at every level of educational activities. Ideology affects curriculum,flow of order in institution,teaching methods. Curriculum have the strong impression of Idealism,Pragmatism,Essentialism,Reconstructionism,Existentialism. Generally no single philosophy guides curriculum but the mixture of philosophies guides the curriculum.
Any educational institution can have any Teaching learning strategies or the mixture of them. You can adopt democratic or authoritarian way of giving instructions. The flow diagram of these orders is as follow. It is up to you to choose the method of flow of order. Technology is the use of science. We read in the earlier subsection that learning is a process resulting from interaction between learner and teacher. This means communication plays a vital role in education. Various teaching strategies needs electronics gadgets, electricity.
Political science says man is political while sociology say man is social. Both need a group of people ,where he interacts. The process of socialization is done by both sciences. Both are helpful in development of social an political consciousnesses.
Sociology makes theories for people and political science try to implement it. But in spite of their close relationship the two sciences are distinct: Sociology is science of society.
Political science is the science of state. Gilchrist says,"Sociology studies man as a social being ,and political organization is a special kind of social orgnisation; political science is more specialized science than sociology.
Sociology is science of society which studies all organized and unorganized activities while political science is science of society which studies only organized activities.
Sociology of education - Wikipedia
Sociology studies only present society while political science studies present and indicates future side also. Sociology is older than political science. Human society had first come in existence. State and other political system arise after years. Relation between sociology and Anthropology: Anthropology and sociology also deal with society but the only difference is that social anthropology mainly considers small groups and their culture but their area of study is basically the same.
Actually both are same, two names for the same field enquiry. The study of ancient and simple societies are done by Anthropology ,while on the basis of that sociology studies the wider and complex societies.
Anthropology has been divided in to three parts. B-Cultural Anthropology which investigates the cultural remains of early man an of the living cultures of some of the primitive counterparts.
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With the help of this sociology studies cultural heritage and tries to understand the changes occurred by it. C-Social Anthropology deals with the institutions, behaviors and human relationships of primitives of the past and present. Dube says basically there is no difference between both.
Anthropology takes help from sociological research methods while sociology interprets the things on the basis of studies done by anthropology. Now a days Tribal societies an civilized societies are come closer to each other. Even the influence of technology is increasing day by day in tribal societies. The changing social values are encourage them to form big groups A.
Karoeber has called sociology and anthropology twin sisters. Evans Pritchard considers social Anthropology to be branch of sociology. Anthropology is the study social and cultural features of primitive societies while sociology studies the social and cultural features of modern societies.
The simple and static primitive societies's study is done by Anthropology while the study of complex and changeable societies is conducted by sociology. The study methods are different for both sciences. Participate observation is main method of study in Anthropology and sociology uses survey method. Sociology is concerned with social planning where as Anthropology is not concerned with social planning.
It does not give any suggestion for future society. Relation between sociology and economics: There is also a relationship between sociology and economics which is another social science. Economics deals with the production of goods and services and how they are distributed to people just like sociology which also consider how the goods are reachable to all members of the society. In society every social being has some economic needs and these needs are evaluated by economics.
Economics is science of wealth, which is possible in context of society. Marshall says economics is study of economic activities which are related to human welfare. The following points are showing their relationship.